Phantom Limb Pain

Phantom limb pain occurs following amputation of an extremity. Patients experience pain in the limb that is no longer present. This has a central cause, at the level of the brain and/or spinal cord, and is often very difficult to treat. There are a number of medication options. One of the most beneficial therapeutic interventions is ‘mirror therapy’ and it is completely non-invasive. Other options include invasive interventional pain management therapies which may have a role in the treatment of this condition when it does not respond to non-invasive measures.